Microwave-Driven Exfoliation of Bulk 2H-MoS2 after Acetonitrile Prewetting Produces Large-Area Ultrathin Flakes with Exceptionally High Yield
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2D materials display exciting properties in numerous fields, but the development of applications is hindered by the low yields, high processing times, and impaired quality of current exfoliation methods. In this work we have used the excellent MW absorption properties of MoS2 to induce a fast heating that produces the near-instantaneous evaporation of an adsorbed, low boiling point solvent. The sudden evaporation creates an internal pressure that separates the MoS2 layers with high efficiency, and these are kept separated by the action of the dispersion solvent. Our fast method (90 s) gives high yields (47% at 0.2 mg/mL, 35% at 1 mg/mL) of highly exfoliated material (90% under 4 layers), large area (up to several μm2), and excellent quality (no significant MoO3 detected).
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NFP Research Area: Nanomaterials synthesis: MICROWAVE-ASSISTED SYNTHESIS OF NANOMATERIALS